Despite thirty-years in the making, Cambodia
remains very much an aid-dependent. The country
GDP is strongly suggested that Cambodia is an
import-not-export-country. The economic policy
inspires more by opportunism than by the desire
to preserve national interest, of an economy
that is rapidly coming apart.
Cambodia is a country of imports. The GDP ranks
among the lowest in Asia. Cambodia imported
commodity goods from toothpick to vegetations
found on table in excess of 1.4 billion dollar
in 2007 from Thailand alone.
Education for All:
Public education is under the jurisdiction of
the Ministry of Education, which exercised full
control over the entire system; it established
syllabi, hired and paid teachers, provided
supplies, and inspected schools. Wealthy
Cambodians and those who had government
scholarships sought private university-level
One lesson in history is that unity is formed from within and is difficult to impose from the outside.
Cambodia-Thailand-Vietnam has a
The US International Trade Commission, Thailand
exported $1.4 billion worth of goods to Cambodia
compared to $49 million exported to Thailand in
India’s exports to Cambodia totaled $31
million in 2007, while Cambodia's exports to
India totaled $500,000. Is it trade deficit?
We are accustomed
to feed ourselves too much of foreign goods, we
begin to feel that those counties are in needs of our
micro-household-economy of fourteen millions
Knowledge and Wisdom:
As it comes to knowledge, it has always been
mixed with myth and legend. The education system
in Cambodia is somewhat complex and outdated.
What’s learned at school may not guarantee you
Most schools are concerns of rote learning and
give out degrees without imparting employable
skills, and students are rewarded for
memorization skills, not critical thinking.
Students are graduation without complex
problem-solving skills, without knowing how to
put their theoretical education into practice,
and poor articulacy.
Education in Cambodia is cheap compares to most
countries around the world. Employment is
scarce. Most degree holders are in management
and accounting. After all, there are over 30
Commercial Banks in Cambodia. The bank offers a
more suitable working environment and advantage
than working at the garment factory.
One may have to drive around and look for it. It
you look closely you may find a Motorbike Repair
school sign nailed to the tree. These schools
are offering a hand-on trainings on
Air-conditioning, small engine repairs, TV and
other electronic equipments. Most students are
apprentices whose skills later start their own
According to the Ministry of Labor, students are
more interested in “Managing Business” than
learning “Technical Skills” necessary for
market’s demand. Skill is associated with
low-level jobs in people’s minds. “Skill” is not
meant for educated persons.
Schools and university, and foreign language school seems
everywhere, certain language just off our shore;
once to even imagine just a few years ago, like
the Korean and Japanese. Yesterday, it was the
French, today is the English and more.
In the next decades, Cambodia may well become a
country dominated by an English-speaking country
like the Philippines only to seek works outside
their home country as far the North Africa and
Middle East countries.
School Building Campaign:
Politicians and business tycoons donate their
money to build school everyday. School without
teacher –Do you still call that a school?
Phnom Penh is a center of gravity. Everything
gives birth and dies here. Most jobs are found
here. Most civil servants opt to be in Phnom
Penh where infrastructure is more developed:
Hospital, School, and Businesses. It is like a
one stop shopping center. Everything is here.
The school system, like other facets of life in
Cambodia, is plagued with corruption. Imagine
taking an exam while police armed with an AK47
watching over you! Plagiarism is reportedly
rife. Exam cheating is common. Buying exam
papers and bribery in school is almost a part of
growing up. School emphasized quantity over
Such practices compounded by widespread
corruption, favoritism, and nepotism within the
educational system as wealthy and influential
parents either paid bribes or used their
political power to secure seats for their
children in these institutions.
Cambodia is flooded with degree. Most students
pursue degree over work experiences and skills.
What students expect of their education is not
off target because the society as whole inspired
it. On the job, one may share an office with a
co-worker with two master degrees or even a PhD,
an academic aptitude that never find a good use
Appointing system somewhat encourages
degree-buying practices. However, it is stipulated that
civil servant posts an academic degree and take
an entry exam. Their academic degree reflects the civil servant‘s position and
salary. Continuing educations among civil
servants are widespread.
Student seeks advice and counseling from their
parents as to what career to pursue. Schools
often serve as instruments of social
reproduction in which the lower class learn to
be docile workers who follow orders and the
upper class are trained for leadership and the
exercise of power.
The Rhetoric will continue!..|
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